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The Missouri Compromise (1820)


The Missouri Compromise is reported to have been passed in 1820 to maintain a balance of power in Congress between the slavery and slavery Free States. The law indicated Missouri as a slave state and Maine a slave-free state. In addition, the law burned slavery in Louisiana territory. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 repealed the law and three years later the Supreme Court ruled the Missouri compromise law as unconstitutional and the Congress had no authority at the time to burn slavery in the territories.

The Missouri compromise had it opposes and defendants. Many from the south opposed the Missouri Compromise by arguing that it portrayed that the Congress had the power to make laws regarding slavery. The northerners, on the other hand, criticised it by claiming that it aided in the expansion of slavery. Although the law was highly criticised, it helped in the preservation of the union between slavery and antislavery States for thirty years.

Importance of the Missouri compromise (1820)

The Missouri compromise was of crucial importance in maintaining a balance between the slavery and the Free states in America. By passing Missouri to be slavery state and Maine a free state, there was a balance in the house and none of the regions benefited at the expense of the other. The northern states opposed the enactment of the Missouri compromise as it would lead to an increased population and territorial space thus granting the southern more power than the northern. The Southern, on the other hand, were defending the Missouri compromise as passing of Missouri as a slavery state would increase the number of southern representation in us house thus making the northern unstable. But the addition of the need to make Maine a slave Free State helped in maintaining a balance between the slave and the slave Free states in America. The repealing of the Missouri compromise by the Supreme Court led to the rise of civil war in America.

Causes of the Missouri compromise (1820)

The increase in US territorial size following the purchase of Louisiana had its shortcomings and advantages. The increased use of slavery by the Southern states significantly worried the northern states. Unlike the northern counterparts, the southern states were significantly involved in cotton farming and thus the higher demand for slaves and slavery legalisation in the region. But this worried the northern states as this would increase the number of southern state representatives in the US House. The Missouri compromise was announced to help curb the break out of an internal revolution.