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The Growth Of New Spain


New Spain is the colony which comprises Spain possessions within the New World that was established after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire taking place in 1521. This colony was governed, in 1535, by the Viceroy of New Spain, the minister of the King of Spain, the monarch of the colony.


New Spain


New Spain had lost a major part of its territory to European powers; still, great parts remained under Spanish control till 1821, when it gained its independence. Moreover, there are a series of events that happened:

  • Spanish communities grew as a result of the settlements moving to the mainland;

  • These settlements included both plantations and mines;

  • Native Americans were killed by the Spanish in their fight for freedom;

  • The Spanish used Native Americans as slaves to work on both mines and plantations;

  • Spanish were wealthy in New Spain, as shiploads of treasures were sent to Spain;

  • Africans were also enslaved to work in both mines and plantations;

  • People of West Africa had been forced to go to New Spain to be slaves and work on plantations.

The Growth of a New World


In 16th and 17th centuries, Spain became the most powerful monarchy in both Europe and America. New Spain was influenced as for the trading network as well as labor force in addition to the social structure. The Spanish monarchy took control over the Western Hemisphere. Spain also took advantage from the development within New Spain. A new social structure has been created and cultural diversity had been introduced first in New Spain. The new country flourished due to trading and silver mining.

Both English and Spanish practiced methods of servitude within their society in the 17th century while the treatment of workers was similar in the two colonies. Black slavery characterized New Spain. This colony took benefit from the unpaid labor during many years of slavery for the Black. Slavery, however, had created new political issues. Slaves had no privileges, no owning property, no getting married and having families, no right to vote or associate freely with their peers. Slaves had never become free and suffered high death rates. Slaves were also controlled politically. For slaves, work on a sugar plantation was extremely hard. Moreover, women who were slaves had special restrictions during their servant life.

All in all, Spain thought that their new world had vastly enriched the old. Spain had greatly influenced New Spain in its endeavors to conquer the world in such a brutal manner.